What is Phonics?

Phonics is a method used for teaching children to read and write. It’s the link made between the sounded word and written word. 

How many phases are there?

There are a total of 6 phonics phases. In early years education, they're broken down and taught in phases to help children learn to read and write.

What’s phase 2 - what about phase 1? 

Phase 2 phonics is the first set of letters and combined letters (graphemes). It is used to teach children how to associate sounds with letters. There is no official set of letters for Phase 1, because this phase is intended to develop children's listening, vocabulary and speaking skills and is learned through alliteration, rhyming and songs.

When should I start using them with my child? 

Children start doing phase 2 phonics in reception, but it helps for them to have some awareness of letters before they start school. If your children are ready, you can start introducing them to Phase 2 Phonics at around 3 and a half years old, but given the simple and engaging illustrations, our Phase 2 Phonics flashcards can be used from even younger for vocab acquisition. 

Top tip: When introducing these flashcards, break them down into sets and introduce the letter and the sound together, then try to come up with other words that use that same sound. Give your child some examples and help them find their own. For example “l” is for “lemon”, what other words start with the “l” sound? Frequent practise is really key. 

Get the set beautifully illustrated set here: Phase 2 Phonics Flashcards by Fili & Flora